A 40-year-old man has chronic hepatitis B. What may be the cause of his condition? Describe the pathophysiology of hepatitis B.What are the signs of preicteric and icteric stages of acute hepatitis? What serum markers are found? Is cirrhosis likely to develop and what pathophysiological changes are taking place?
If the patient developed ascites, edema, esophageal varices, or respiratory infections, what might be happening?
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